The pomegranate /ˈpɒmɨɡrænɨt/, scientific name Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing between 5–8 metres (&#160) tall. Native to an area from the eastern Mediterranean Basin to India, the pomegranate has been cultivated over millennia, including today throughout the Mediterranean, Middle East and Caucasus regions, northern Africa and tropical Africa, the Indian subcontinent and the drier parts of southeast Asia.